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The Desolation of Jerusalem for 70 Years

Copyright December 3, 2016 by Sylvan F. Tyrrel

    The Bible of our God teaches us by the Holy Spirit, to learn and understand what is written.  I give thanks and glory to Jesus that I might serve him in writing about subjects the Holy Spirit brings into my mind. 

   Events in the Time-Line are helpful before getting into the Book of Zechariah and the prophecies given by the angel of the Lord to Zechariah.  From the TABLE OF HISTORICAL EVENTS:

2547 – 3592    605 – 560 BC  Nebuchadnezzar II reigned as King of Babylon for 45-years:

3592 – 3593    560 – 559 BC  Amel-Marduk was the successor but died after 1-year.

3593 – 3623    559 – 529 BC  Cyrus II (Cyrus the Great) ended the Babylonian Empire and the Persian Empire took over for 30-years.

            3614 / 528 BC             Cyrus II freed the Jews

3623 – 3630    529 – 522 BC  Cambyses II was the successor.

3630 – 3666    522 – 486 BC  Darius I, King of the Meads reigned for 36-years, died at age 64.

            3564 / 588 BC             The 2nd Year of Jehoiachin (51) is the beginning of the 70-years of the desolation of Jerusalem.

            3564 / 588 BC             Zedekiah (50) begins as king replacing Jehoiachin.

2-Kings 24: 17            And the king of Babylon made Mattaniah his father's brother king in his stead, and changed his name to Zedekiah.

Vs 18               Zedekiah (50) reigned 11-years (588 – 576 BC) d. age 33.

3600 / 552 BC             37the Year of King Jehoiachin (51)

Jeremiah 52: 31         “Evilmerodach king of Babylon in the first year of his reign lifted up the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah” – “in the seven and thirtieth year of the captivity” – Made him the last King of Judah in Babylon.

Zechariah 1 and 7 provides both dates and the subject for the Time-Line.

3564 / 588 BC             The 2nd Year of Jehoiachin, King of Judah.

 Destroyed Jerusalem - Per Neo-Babylonian Empire

Darius I succeeded Cambyses II and reigned as the King of Meads and Persia for 36-years, from 3630 / 522 BC until his death at age 64 in 3666 / 486 BC.

3630 / 522 BC             1st Year of Darius II

3631 / 521 BC             Zech 1:            1 - In the eighth month, in the second year of Darius, came the word of the LORD unto Zechariah, the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo the prophet, saying, 

            Zechariah sets the Time-Line to the 2nd year of Darius II in the first verse.  Then in the twelfth verse the angel of the Lord sets the Time-Line to the end of the desolation of Jerusalem.   The prophecy is given as an event, 3-years in the future:

3634 / 518 BC             Zech 1:            12- Then the angel of the LORD answered and said, O LORD of hosts, how long wilt thou not have mercy on Jerusalem and on the cities of Judah, against which thou hast had indignation these threescore and ten years?

Jerusalem was destroyed in the 2nd year of Jehoiachin, which was 3564 / 588 BC. 

Adjusting the Time-Line by 70-years (RE: the destruction of Jerusalem in 588 BC).

            3564 + 70 = 3634        588 – 70 = 518 BC

The 70-year span is 3564 to 3634 (588 to 518 BC).

The angel of the Lord instructs Zechariah to tell all the people in the land about the end of the 70-years of desolation:

3634 / 518 BC             Zech 7:         1 - And it came to pass in the fourth year of king Darius, that the word of the LORD came unto Zechariah in the fourth day of the ninth month, even in Chisleu;

3634 / 518 BC             Zech 7:            5 - Speak unto all the people of the land, and to the priests, saying, When ye fasted and mourned in the fifth and seventh month, even those seventy years, did ye at all fast unto me, even to me?

The 14th verse is in retrospect to the 2nd year of Jehoiachin when Nebuchadnezzar II destroyed Jerusalem in 588 BC:

3564 / 588 BC             Zech 7:         14 - But I scattered them with a whirlwind among all the nations whom they knew not. Thus the land was desolate after them that no man passed through nor returned: for they laid the pleasant land desolate.

Ending the 70 Years of the Desolation of Jerusalem.          3634 / 518 BC